Dental crowns


A crown is a tooth-shaped cap that replaces your normal tooth above the gum line. You may need a crown to support a weak tooth or to make your tooth look better.

Alternative Names

Dental caps; Porcelain crowns; Lab-fabricated restoration


Getting a dental crown usually takes two dental visits.

At the first visit, the dentist will:

At the second visit, the dentist will:

Why the Procedure Is Performed

A crown can be used to:

Talk to your dentist if you need a crown. You may need a crown because you have a:


Several problems can occur with a crown:

Before the Procedure

There are several types of crowns, and each has pros and cons. Talk to your dentist about the type of crown that works best for you. There are different types of crowns.

Stainless steel crowns:

Metal crowns:

Resin crowns:

Ceramic or porcelain crowns:

Porcelain fused to metal crowns:

After the Procedure

While you have the temporary crown in place, you may need to:

Call your dentist if you:

Once the permanent crown is in place:

Outlook (Prognosis)

When you have a crown, you should be more comfortable chewing, and it should look good.

Most crowns can last at least 5 years and as long as 15 to 20 years.


American Dental Association website. Crowns. Accessed February 2, 2023.

Celenza V, Livers HN. Porcelain-full coverage and partial coverage restorations. In: Aschheim KW, ed. Esthetic Dentistry: A Clinical Approach to Techniques and Materials. 3rd ed. St Louis, MO: Elsevier Mosby; 2015:chap 8.

Melnick PR, Takei HH. Preparation of periodontium for restorative dentistry. In: Newman MG, Takei HH, Klokkevold PR, Carranza FA, eds. Newman and Carranza's Clinical Periodontology. 13th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 69.

Review Date: 11/7/2022
Reviewed By: Michael Kapner, DDS, General Dentistry, Norwalk Medical Center, Norwalk CT. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David C. Dugdale, MD, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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