Pyogenic granuloma

Definition

Pyogenic granulomas are small, raised, and red bumps on the skin. The bumps have a smooth surface and may be moist. They bleed easily because of the high number of blood vessels at the site. It is a benign (noncancerous) growth.

Alternative Names

Lobular capillary hemangioma

Causes

The exact cause of pyogenic granulomas is unknown. They often appear following an injury on the hands, arms, or face.

Pyogenic granulomas are common in children and pregnant women.

Symptoms

Signs of a pyogenic granuloma are:

Exams and Tests

Your health care provider will do a physical exam to diagnose this condition.

You may also need a skin biopsy to confirm the diagnosis and rule out skin cancer.

Treatment

Small pyogenic granulomas may go away suddenly. Larger bumps are treated with:

Outlook (Prognosis)

Most pyogenic granulomas can be removed. A scar may remain after treatment. There is a high chance that the problem will come back if the whole lesion is not destroyed during treatment.

Possible Complications

These problems may occur:

When to Contact a Medical Professional

Call your provider if you have a skin bump that bleeds easily or that changes appearance.

References

Dinulos JGH. Vascular tumors and malformations. In: Dinulos JGH, ed. Habif's Clinical Dermatology. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 23.

Patterson JW. Vascular tumors. In: Patterson JW, ed. Weedon's Skin Pathology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Limited; 2021:chap 39.


Review Date: 11/4/2020
Reviewed By: Elika Hoss, MD, Senior Associate Consultant, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., a business unit of Ebix, Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
© 1997- adam.comAll rights reserved.